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GCC-Iran Environmental Relations: Challenges and Opportunities

Writer: Dr. Mohamed Abdelraouf*

Iran and Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states face several shared environmental challenges. These include primarily 1) climate change 2) water scarcity 3) dust storms 4) biodiversity loss 5) air pollution and 6) nuclear pollution. These transboundary issues are extremely complex, making them virtually impossible to solve with the effort of just a single country. However, these environmental issues are pressing matters that affect the health and economies of the GCC states these countries, as well as neighboring Iran, and present an interesting leverage point for cooperation, possibly alleviating tensions.

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